Monte Albán – Cuilapam de Guerrero – Arrazola – San Bartolo Coyotepec
It was the ancient capital of the Zapotecs and one of the first cities in Mesoamerica. Monte Albán civilization existed 500 years B.C. to 1500 years later. It is located on a mountain 400 meters high. It is renowned for its beautiful architecture, engraved stones and the gray ceramic urns representing richly attired priests.
San Bartolo Coyotepec
San Bartolo Coyotepec is responsible for the production of one of the most popular crafts of Oaxaca. The black mud is the main focus of the town’s economy.
San Bartolo named Bartholomew Sanchez (A soldier of Herman Cortez), ‘Coyotl’ (Coyote in the indigenous language), and ‘Tepec’ (Cerro in the original language). Roughly translated then, San Bartolo is ‘San Bartolome Cerro del Coyote’
Ex Convet of Cuilapam of Guerrero
The Convent Cuilápam is located in the municipality of Cuilápam of Guerrero, in the region of the Central Valleys of Oaxaca. It is a sixteenth century building, of impressive dimensions, but was never completed. Among its most distinctive architectural spaces is an open chapel, type of religious construction characteristic of the first years after the conquest of Mexico, devised for the purpose of gathering a greater number of indigenous people who convert to Catholicism.
Like many of the buildings in Oaxaca, the convent of Cuilápam was done with quarry carved by indigenous craftsmen. The temple has a facade Plateresque, and has basilical plant of three ships, which are separated by the arcades that were intended to support the roof of the church. The arches are carved with geometric motifs. The temple has housed two separate circular towers two towers of plant. Each tower is finished in a conical dome is surmounted by a cross. One of the walls has remains of ancient inscriptions presumed were made by the ancient Mixtec.
Ex Convento de Cuilapan de Guerrero
Although there are several versions regarding the birth of alebrijes, the most common being a craftsman dreamed of these great animals, the truth is that they are part of the identity of the people of Arrazola where it seems to originate. Since you arrive you find with these fantastic beings in every size and color imaginable. Walking through the workshops is a spectacle and not leave this town without buying one.
Mitla – El Tule – Teotitlán del Valle – Fabrica de Mezcal – Hierve el Agua
Villa de Mitla
It is considered the main ceremonial center after Monte Alban. It was inhabited since the classical period (100-650 AD) reaching its maximum growth and height in the post-classical period (750-650 AD) Mitla is undoubtedly the varied ornamentation of its buildings, achieved through the system of fretwork that distinguishes it from the rest of the country. Church of St. Paul the Apostle is built on a structure that was part of the prehispanic buildings of Mitla. It was built in the year 1590, largely with stones taken from these preshispánicos buildings destroyed. The archaeological site and the actual people are Zapotecs.
Santa María del Tule
The Tree of Santa Maria del Tule, is recognized by the SEMARNAP as the most notable of the State of Oaxaca tree and is famous in our Mexico and beyond for its exceptional diameter of the trunk, which measures 14.36 meters and therefore reaches a circumference of 45 meters, so wide that hardly can embrace the 30 people holding hands and circling with arms fully extended.
Also this wonder of nature that botanists have classified as taxodium mucronatum with an age that exceeds 2000 years corresponds to the group of the Sabines (also known as ahuehuete) and reaches a height of over 40 meters.
Hierve el Agua
Hierve el Agua is formed by a series of petrified waterfalls that are characterized by their white color and its vastness (measuring over 200 meters high). They were formed millions of years ago by carbonated water runoff, which stream originates from the springs that are at the top of the canyon. In turn, these springs create a unique spectacle are pools of warm water and turquoise are used as natural spas
Hierve el Agua
Teotitlan del Valle
Originally Teocaltitlán in Nahuatl “land of gods”, teotl, “God”, calli, “house” and titlan, “between” (“between the house of God”) Here the artisans make the famous blankets wool, bags, coats, rugs, carpets and curtains, among other beautiful works of art naturally multicolored stained with various fruits and plants.
The main ink is extracted grana cochineal nopal-dyeing crimson; the yellow color is extracted from the shell of Granada; the brown, nut shell; blue is obtained from the indigo plant also called Indigo.